A full dataset and methodology showing what the drones attacked in Pakistan.
The events detailed here occurred in 2014. These have been reported by US or Pakistani government, military and intelligence officials, and by credible media, academic and other sources, including on occasion Bureau researchers. Below is a summary of CIA drone strikes and casualty estimates for 2014. Please note that our data changes according to our current understanding of particular strikes. Below represents our present best estimate.
CIA strikes – Obama 2014
|Total CIA drone strikes||17
|Total reported killed:||83-132|
|Civilians reported killed:||0|
|Children reported killed:||0|
|Total reported injured:||34-54|
See the Pakistan drone strike database for all strikes under President Bush, 2004 to January 2009
June 11 2014
♦ 4-6 reported killed
The first drone strike in almost six months reportedly hit a house and vehicle. Early reports put the death toll at three, rising to ‘at least four‘ and as many as six people had died. ‘According to intercepts of the militants, four were Uzbek militants and two members of the Punjabi Taliban,’ a Pakistani intelligence source said.
An intelligence official said the drone targeted a pick-up truck parked against the outer wall of a housing compound, setting both on fire. But locals told NBC that the vehicle had been driving through the village when it came under attack, and the damage to buildings may have been unintended: ‘Two nearby houses were partially damaged in the missile strikes, but the target was the truck,’ said resident Yar Mohammad.
An unnamed ‘senior intelligence official‘ said intercepted communications revealed: ‘One of the militants was asking others to reach the site and search for any one injured in the strike and also to dig out the dead bodies.’
The attack came days after peace talks between the Pakistani government and the Pakistan Taliban (TTP) conclusively collapsed with a bloody attack on Karachi Airport that reportedly killed at least 39 people, including 10 alleged militants. The TTP and Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), a group with a heavy presence in North Waziristan, described the airport attack as a ‘joint operation‘ and said it was in retaliation to the November 2013 drone strike that killed TTP leader Hakimullah Mehsud, as well as to the multiple Pakistani military air strikes that have hit the region since the drone strikes stopped.
The lengthy pause in drone strikes was at the request of the Pakistani government, to allow peace talks with the TTP to take place, sources close to the negotiations told the Bureau. However terrorist attacks and retaliatory military air strikes on targets in the tribal belt continued throughout the hiatus in drone strikes. Following the attack on Karachi airport, the prospect of a full military operation in North Waziristan grew closer as defence minister Khawaja Muhammad Asif told TV channel ARY (quoted in the Wall Street Journal): ‘The talks option has been pursued with sincerity by the government, but no result has come.’
Location: Tabi Tolkhel or Darga Mandi, North Waziristan
References: NBC News, AFP, Wall Street Journal, PTI, CNN, Associated Press, New York Times, Dawn, Express Tribune, New York Times, Conflict Monitoring Centre, Reuters
- Defence Minister Asif
- Defence Minister Asif
June 12 2014
♦ 6-10 reported killed
♦ 4 reported wounded
Hours after the five-month hiatus in drone strikes ended, drones reportedly fired multiple missiles at alleged militants, reportedly killing either six or 10 people. But reports disagreed on the target of the strikes, with the Conflict Monitoring Centre (CMC) and AFP reporting that the drones targeted men who were digging out bodies at the site of the previous strike – a tactic previously exposed by the Bureau.
PTI and NBC News also reported that the attack took place in the same village as the previous strike. NBC reported the strike hit a house where explosives were being stored. ‘I never heard such a huge and deafening blast,’ Miranshah resident Javed Khan said. ‘It jolted the entire tribal region, and everybody thought [the] house was targeted.’
But separate reports, also by AFP and by Xinhua, presented a different account, with locals saying missiles hit four separate houses and a pick-up truck in Dande Darpakhel, killing at least 10 and wounding four. Intelligence officials and locals described seeing five to ten drones overhead. And Associated Press said three missiles hit a house and vehicle.
According to Reuters, ‘two top government officials said Islamabad had given the Americans “express approval” for the strikes’. The unnamed officials said this and the previous strike were in retaliation for the attack on Karachi on June 9.
According to Dawn and the CMC Haji Gul, a key Haqqani network commander from Afghanistan, was allegedly killed along with prominent Afghan Taliban commanders Mufti Sofian and Abu Bakar. The attack reportedly destroyed explosive-laden vehicles, reportedly bound for missions across the Pakistani border.
Dawn and the CMC identified five more of the dead: Commander Yasin Gardezi, Abdullah Khan, Commander Jamil, Commander Asadullah and Noor Khan, their driver. The CMC named six further alleged Haqqani Network members killed in the strike: Commanders Saif el Jihad and Commander Roohullah, both Pashtun from Pakistan, Hamza Gul, Hamza, Bilal and Mehmood.
Location: Darga Mandi, Dande Darpakhel or Ghulam Khan, North Waziristan
References: AFP, BBC, PTI, AFP, Associated Press, Xinhua, NBC News, Geo TV Dawn, Dawn, Express Tribune, New York Times, Conflict Monitoring Centre, Reuters
June 18 2014
♦ 4-8 reported killed
♦ 2-4 reported injured
The third strike of the month killed at least five alleged militants in the early hours – around 4-4.30am. Most sources reported as many as six missiles hit a house and a vehicle on the outskirts of Miranshah – the capital of North Waziristan. Some sources reported the vehicle was inside the walls of housing compound when the strike hit while others were less specific.
However AFP reported six missiles fired by two drones hit three houses. However the agency also quoted a local security official in Miranshah as saying: ‘US drones fired six missiles which hit three separate compounds in two villages, at least five militants have been killed.’ The attacks reportedly hit minutes apart with two drones firing four missiles in the first strike and a third firing two more missiles in the second. A vehicle parked in one of the housing compounds was hit, a senior security official said.
The Wall Street Journal reported the strike targetted a Haqqani Network compound, adding: ‘A store and at least two vehicles were destroyed.’ However, a security official told Dawn the attack hit near a Haqqani Network-run seminary, killing four people although ‘we don’t know if they were fighters of the Haqqani network.’ The official added: ‘But they do not appear to be militant leaders. There aren’t too many of them left here.’ He continued: ‘What is left of the Haqqani network now is its leader Siraj Haqqani and the son of another leader killed in a drone strike.’
The Pakistan government condemned the strike which came amid Zarb e Azb – a Pakistani military offensive against terrorists in North Waziristan. Soldiers, tanks and airstrikes were reportedly being used against militant positions. Official sources said at least 187 alleged militants had been killed by June 18 as well as a handful of Pakistani soldiers. Aid agencies have estimated as many as 400,000 people may be displaced by the operation, the Wall Street Journal reported.
Location: Darga Mandi, Dande Darpakhel or Miran Shah, North Waziristan
References: Dawn, Associated Press, Voice of America, PTI, Xinhua, Wall Street Journal, The News, Khaama Press, NBC News, AFP, Dawn, PTI, Express Tribune, New York Times
July 10 2014
♦ 6-7 reported killed
♦ 2-3 reported injured
At least six people were reportedly killed when CIA drones destroyed a house and vehicle near Datta Khel. Initial reports said the attack killed four foreign fighters and two local men. Nationality, or being defined as “local” or “non-local” is the only identity ascribed to people who die nameless in drone strikes. Subsequent reports conflicted over the nationality of the dead. Some had all the dead as foreigners – three central Asians, reportedly Uzbeks, and three Afghans. However another report said four of the dead were “Arabs” and three were local men.
The Long War Journal later reported that six men killed in the attack were al Qaeda members. Three of them were named by a senior member of the organisation: Fayez Awda al Khalidi, Taj al Makki and Abu Abdurahman al Kuwaiti. Al Makki, a Saudi, and al Kuwaiti, from Kuwait, were described as “mid-level” members of al Qaeda by anonymous US sources.
A local man said the dead were buried in secret and the time and location was not announced over loudspeakers by the Taliban, which they normally when locals are killed The News reported. The local man added:
It was around 5.00am when heavy explosions were heard in the Doga Madakhel village. After the blast, the Taliban militants were seen running towards the village and surrounded the area after reaching there.
The strike came after a concerted offensive by the Pakistan military in North Waziristan. And it came the same day as the Pakistan army declared it had taken cleared militants from 80% of Miranshah – the region’s capital, 35km east of the site of this strike. The military took a group of journalists on a tour of the newly cleared areas.
According to Reuters, North Waziristan has been sealed off to reporters, ‘but the presence of many senior officers during the tour suggested that the army had secured broad control over the area’. AFP reported: ‘The once-bustling town is now virtually deserted, the rubble of countless bombed-out buildings strewn across the dusty streets.’ More than 800,000 people have been displaced by the fighting.
The attack hit in an area said to be controlled by Hafiz Gul Bahadur, ‘a Pakistani militant commander who has played a central role in mobilizing fighters to carry out attacks inside Afghanistan’ according to the New York Times. Bahadur was reportedly aligned with the Pakistan government though not to be spared from the military offensive, according to the Miranshah army commander Major General Zafarullah Khan.
In September 2014, it emerged that a Saudi al Qaeda member died in a drone strike at around this time in North Waziristan. The man was reportedly Umer Talib, also known as Adil Salih Ahmad al Qumayshi, according to the Search for International Terrorist Entities (SITE). In 2011 he was included on a list of Saudi Arabia’s ‘47 most wanted terrorists‘. The report from SITE suggests Talib was killed in a drone strike two months ago in North Waziristan. There are therefore three strikes – Ob336, Ob337 and Ob338 – within the time window for his death. It is not yet clear which drone strike he was killed in.
Also in September, it also emerged Sufyan al Maghribi, al Qaeda’s operations commander in Pakistan and Afghanistan was also killed in a drone attack. However it was not clear when he was killed, or if he died in a strike in Afghanistan or Pakistan.
Location: Doga Mada Khel, Datta Khel Tehsil, North Waziristan
References: Dawn, AFP, BBC, Dunya News, IANS, The News, Xinhua, Geo News, Khaama Press, DPA/Reuters, Reuters, Outlook India, The News, Dawn, New York Times, Long War Journal
The Pakistan Army took journalists on tours of Miranshah which they claimed to have almost entirely cleared of militants on July 10 2014 (AFP/YouTube)
July 16 2014
♦ 15-24 people killed
♦ Possible civilian casualties reported
♦ 4-7 people reportedly injured
At least 15 people died when CIA drones hit the same area for the second time in six days. An unnamed security official said the attack targeted an important meeting.
Most reports said this attack destroyed a vehicle and a house. Resident Malik Wakil Khan told Reuters 18 bodies had been recovered from the rubble of a destroyed building. However one source, citing unnamed Datta Khel residents, reported two mosques were targeted in the attack. A local said “twelve people were killed at one place and eight others at another mosque”, without specifying they were members of an armed group.
Drones were reportedly still flying over the scene as people continued to search the rubble. The identity of the dead was not immediately clear though one source said 12 people were Uzbeks. An unnamed intelligence official told the Washington Post: “The compound was being used by foreign militants, and some local terrorists were present in the vehicle that got targeted.” Residents said 12 were Central Asians and eight were local men.
The area was reportedly under the control of Hafiz Gul Bahadur’s armed group. The pro-Taliban group had avoided being targeted by the Pakistan government after signing a peace accord in 2006 that reportedly held for eight years. However in June Gul Bahadur declared war on the Pakistan Army after the military incursion into North Waziristan began on June 15.
The strike reportedly hit at around 2am local time. A few hours later a Pakistan Air Force strike killed at least 35 people in the Shawal valley. The remote area is on the border between North and South Waziristan, as well as Afghanistan Paktika province. Pakistani military officials said militants retreating from the Pakistan Army’s month-old offensive in North Waziristan had taken refuge in the Shawal. They said this strike targetted TTP members, including Uzbeks, Chechens and Arab fighters.
The attack came the day after the Pakistan military arrested Adnan Rashid, a senior figure in the TTP. Rashid was picked up in South Waziristan having been reportedly injured fighting the Pakistan military in North Waziristan.
Location: Saidgai, Datta Khel Tehsil, North Waziristan
References: Reuters, Express Tribune, Khaama Press, Pakistan Today, National Turk, Geo, ANI, Xinhua, AFP, Dunya News, AP, ARY News, Dawn, NBC News, Washington Post, AFP, The News, New York Times, Express Tribune
July 19 2014
♦ 11-15 people killed
A drone reportedly fired multiple missiles at a building or buildings in a suburb of Datta Khel in the early hours of the morning, reportedly killing at least 11 alleged militants. Initial reports put the death toll at eight however three people recovered from wreckage with “serious burns” subsequently died of their injuries.
The drones reportedly targeted a “sprawling compound“, “two suspected militant hideouts” or a compound and two vehicles filled with explosives. And one official described the target as: “There are tents and there are mud houses, occupied by militants fleeing Miram Shah and Mir Ali.”
This is the third strike this month in the Datta Khel area – all three targeted a building and possibly vehicles. The latest attack came three days after the bloodiest strike in over a year. A tribal elder suggested US drones were attacking the area, rather than Pakistani troops, because it is in the control of Hafiz Gul Bahadur, who had declared a ceasefire with the Pakistani government.
None of the dead were named and it was not clear what armed group they belonged to. The bodies were “mutilated beyond recognition”, an unnamed source said.
Several sources described most of the people killed as members of the Punjabi Taliban – locals told the New York Times 10 of the dead were from Punjab, and five others were affiliated with the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU). Several other sources also reported a majority of Punjabis and minority of alleged IMU fighters among the dead.
However the Wall Street Journal reported some of the dead were fighters loyal to senior local commander Hafiz Gul Bahadur. And two unnamed Pakistani intelligence officials said the dead were TTP members. Two important commanders were killed in the strike, a “senior security official” told AFP. He said: “The drone fired eight missiles on the compound around 2:00am (2100 GMT) on Saturday killing eleven members of the Punjabi faction of the Pakistani Taliban.”
Location: Doga Mada Khel, Datta Khel Tehsil, North Waziristan
References: Associated Press, AFP, Reuters, New York Times, Dawn, Xinhua, Trans Asia News, ARY News, Guardian, Wall Street Journal, Bureau, Xinhua, IANS, Dawn, The News, Business Recorder, The Times
August 6 2014
♦ 5-7 people killed
♦ 2-3 people reportedly injured
At least five people were reported killed and two or three more injured in a drone strike in the Datta Khel region of North Waziristan.
Most reports stated that five were killed when a drone fired two missiles at a house. However one report said six died when four missiles were fired at a house and a vehicle, and other reports counted seven killed.
Some reports said “suspected foreign militants” were among the dead, though it was not clear what armed group they belonged to. Local intelligence officials told AFP that some Uzbeks and members of the Haqqani network were among the dead. Initial reports said two alleged militants were reportedly injured though later reports counted three.
None of the dead were named in initial reports. This was the fourth drone strike to hit Datta Khel in 2014, with all four reported to have hit houses.
Pakistan military air strikes in the North Waziristan tribal region have reportedly killed 30 militants this week. In a statement the Pakistan army said that six alleged “militant hideouts” have been destroyed in the Datta Khel area, though these claims have not been independently verified.
Location: Datta Khel Tehsil, North Waziristan
References: Pakistan News Today, The Frontier Post, The News, Dawn, Dunya News TV, The Express Tribune, Reuters, The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, CNC News, RFE/RL, IANS, The News Tribe, ANI News, Associated Press, Geo TV, CNN, AFP
September 24 2014
♦ 5-11 people killed
♦ 2 reported injured
At least five and as many as 11 people were killed in the first drone strike in 49 days. Various sources said the strike killed at least two “foreigners,” reportedly Uzbeks, as well as “local militants”. However The News said the strike killed 10 Uzbeks.
The death toll varied according to different sources. Various anonymous Pakistani officials told Reuters either five or eight were killed. AFP reported eight were killed and Associated Press said 10 people died. Both agencies reported the figures came from anonymous Pakistani officials.
It was not clear from the initial reports what the CIA drones targeted. It reportedly hit either a moving vehicle, or a vehicle and a building. Officials told AFP the vehicle was near the building when the strike hit, raising the possibility the strike targeted one and the other was hit inadvertently. However an unnamed Pakistani security official said the strike hit the vehicle parked inside the courtyard of the building. This kind of strike has been reported before because residential dwellings in Pakistan’s tribal area are frequently large walled structures and are commonly referred to as “compounds”.
This was the eight strike in 2014 and every one has reportedly targeted a house and vehicle. This was also the fifth consecutive CIA drone strike in the area around Datta Khel.
The last strike was on August 6, two days before the US began striking terrorist targets in Iraq and Syria. The 49-day gap between attacks in Pakistan was the third longest pause in strikes recorded by the Bureau. The drones stopped for 54 days in November and December 2011 when US-Pakistani relations were at a nadir after a year of significant tensions between the allies. The longest pause between attacks ended earlier this year, on June 11 when the first strike in 168 days killed 4-6 people.
The Pakistani government quickly condemned the strike in a foreign ministry release. The statement also said: “The Government of Pakistan also believes that with the decisive action being taken against terrorist elements in North Waziristan, there is no need for such strikes. We, therefore, urge for a cessation of such strikes.”
Location: Alwara/Lawara Mandi, Datta Khel Tehsil, North Waziristan
References: Reuters, ARY News, Dawn, MoFA, The News, Associated Press, CNN, AFP, Khaama Press, Xinhua, The News, The Nation, Express Tribune
September 28 2014
♦ 2-4 reported killed
♦ 1-4 reported injured
CIA drones killed at least two in the first drone strike in South Waziristan since September 22 2013. It was not entirely clear what happened, from initial reports. The strike either killed two men and injured as many as four in a vehicle outside a building. Or it hit a building, killing two locals and two “Arabs”.
AFP reported at least two men were killed when they stopped their vehicle outside a house in Karezai Pal village near Wana. An official told the agency: “The militants had just parked their vehicle outside the main gate of a compound and had asked for drinking water from inside. Just when they were drinking water standing on the road, drones fired two missiles.”
The dead were reportedly members of the armed group commanded by Mullah Nazir until his death in a 2013 drone strike. The News reported “Ainullah, a commander of the Maulvi Nazir group,” was the owner of the house damaged in the attack. He was reportedly the target of the strike though his fate was unknown. The injured were reportedly taken to a private clinic where two were said to be in a critical condition.
Pakistani air strikes and a terrorist attack hit on the same day as this strike, killing at least 23 people. The bombing, in a refugee camp, killed three children.
October 5 2014
♦ 4-5 reported killed
♦ 2-3 reported injured
CIA drones killed at least four and as many as five people in the second consecutive drone strike on South Waziristan.
Sources told Reuters all the dead and injured were ethnic Uzbeks. At least one of the dead was reportedly an Uzbek, described as a senior leader. A Pakistani intelligence sources saying the attack targeted “a centre run by Uzbek rebels”. A house was hit in the attack. According to one source, a vehicle was hit too.
The attack hit the Shawal valley. The area straddles the South and North Waziristan border and is an area with reportedly a high concentration of armed groups and fighters.
A strike a week earlier killed at least two near Wana, the capital of South Waziristan – the first strike in the tribal agency for more than a year.
October 6 2014
♦ 4-8 killed
♦ 4-6 reported injured
The second drone strike in 24 hours hit a building and possibly a vehicle, killing at least four people.
Two missiles reportedly hit the house, killing four Uzbeks. The building reportedly belonged to an alleged Taliban commander Habib or Habibullah. Several people were said to have gathered at the site for a meeting. The house was reportedly destroyed but it was not clear if Habib was a casualty, or even present at the time of the trike.
This was the second strike on the Shawal area that straddles the border between North and South Waziristan. It is reputedly a base for fighters launching attacks into Afghanistan.
October 7 2014
♦ 4-7 killed
♦ 5-11 reported injured
Two or three missiles hit a house and possibly a car killing 4-7 people in the third strike in three days. The house, and possibly training area, reportedly belonged to an alleged Taliban commander, Mustaqeem. It was not known if Mustaqeem was the target of the strike and if he died or was even present when the drones attacked.
It was the third to hit the Shawal area. It is a remote, forested valley near the Pakistan Afghanistan border that straddles the boundary between North and South Waziristan. It was reportedly a base for fighters crossing into Afghanistan to attack Nato and Afghan forces.
October 7 2014
♦ 2-4 people killed
♦ 5 people reported injured
Drones returned for the second time in a day to kill at least two people in a strike in the Datta Khel area of North Waziristan. The attack hit “a gathering of militants on a mountain” according to Reuters, though another source said the attack “levelled” a house. A security official told AFP: “The drone fired two missiles, killing three people and injuring five. They were Uzbeks.”
The attack was close to the Afghan border, as was the previous attack (Ob344), though this strike hit closer according to two Pakistani officials. It hit hours after the previous attack – at 6.30pm according to Urdu TV. This was the sixth strike in the Datta Khel area this year.
October 8 2014
♦ 2-4 people killed
♦ 1-3 people reported injured
The fifth drone strike in four days killed at least two people, according to security officials. The strike, which reportedly hit before midnight, targeted a moving vehicle in the Datta Khel area, near the Afghan border. There were foreigners among the dead, according to a senior security official who also told AFP: “A US drone fired two missiles at a vehicle and killed at least four militants and one was wounded.”
October 9 2014
♦ 3-4 people killed
A sixth drone strike in five days killed at least three people, again in the Datta Khel area. Two missiles reportedly “flattened” a house early in the day.
October 11 2014
♦ 4-6 people killed
♦ 2 people reported injured
The seventh of the recent spate of US drone strikes in a week reportedly killed at least four including a senior al Qaeda members and alleged Afghan Taliban fighters.
The attack reportedly hit around noon, flattening the targeted house with two missiles. The strike targeted militants fleeing the ongoing Pakistan military offensive, according to the Express Tribune. The area targeted was said to be dominated by tribesmen from Kokikhel, sub-clan of Afridi tribe.
One of the dead was named as Sheikh Imran Ali Siddiqu, (aka Haji Shaikh Waliullah) a senior figure in the newly created al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS). A spokesperson for AQIS confirmed Siddiqu was killed in the strike.
The spokesman said Siddiqu had spent eight years in jail for his part in attacks on the US consulate in Karachi. The spokesman added: “[Siddiqu] has been engaged in jihad since 1990. The mujahideen brethren were present atop a mountain when the drones rained missiles, martyring them at the scene.”
There was some dispute over the precise location of the strike. One report, citing “official sources,” said the strike hit a village “right on the [Afghan-Pakistan border] but the area which was targeted falls under the Afghan jurisdiction”.
The distribution of drone strikes demonstrated “the US intelligence agency and Pakistani security forces [were] once again cooperating on defeating the insurgents,” according to McClatchy news agency. The CIA drone strikes were followed by Pakistan Air Force jets reportedly killed 21 people in a series of airstrikes in North Waziristan and Khyber the next day.
Location: Chancharano Kandaw area, Tirah valley, Khyber Agency
References: The Express Tribune, Long War Journal, Agencies/Oman Tribune, New Indian Express, Khaama Press, Dawn, CNN, Newsweek Pakistan, McClatchy
October 11 2014
♦ 2-4 people killed
The 400th US drone strike in Pakistan since the first known fatal one just over a decade ago, and the 349th drone strike of Obama’s presidency.
Either two or four people were killed when the strike reportedly hit a vehicle. The dead reportedly included foreigners and locals. One was identified as Mohammad Mustafa. Mustafa was described both as “a local leader” from the Hafiz Gul Bahadur group and “a key TTP” commander.
The attack reportedly hit near the Pakistan-Afghanistan border. There were conflicting accounts of where the strike hit. Some Pakistani intelligence officials told Reuters it killed two suspected militants near the border with Afghanistan. However Pakistani sources told the Associated Press the attack hit in Margha, Afghanistan, just across the border from North Waziristan.
The Pakistani Finance Minister Ishaq Dar said after meeting with US trade and national security officials: “We have an advance technology which can easily examine that the [recent] strikes were aimed at areas across the western border.”
A full dataset and methodology showing what the drones attacked in Pakistan.
Read the secret report showing the government’s assessment of over 300 strikes.
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