The Bureau Recommends an exhaustive investigation by Tax Justice Network released today which analyses tax evasion levels in 145 countries representing over 98% of global economic output.
The study reveals that more than $3.1 trillion of tax is evaded – equivalent to 4.9% of world GDP.
The data, which heralds the launch of a new Tackle Tax Haven campaign, estimates that in the UK for instance, a staggering £69.9bn is illegally kept from the exchequer every year, equivalent to 79.8% of the NHS budget.
The United States loses $337bn to tax evasion according to the report – more than any other nation. In second place is Brazil which loses $280bn and third is Italy losing $238bn.
The report’s author, Richard Murphy, a forensic accountant and anti-poverty campaigner, merged a World Bank study into the shadow economy with official GDP figures and individual country’s tax rates.
Among his findings, Europe as a whole loses the equivalent of 87% of its total healthcare budget to tax evasion, while Africa loses 98% and South America 139%. The amount of cash tax evaded in Bolivia is four times its health budget.
The full report is available here.