We verify our data from numerous sources and provide it in the form of narrative timelines and Google spreadsheets. It is freely available under a Creative Commons license.
Since the US withdrew its combat forces from Afghanistan, responsibility for security has shifted to local partners - meaning it is often left in the hands of strongmen who have their own agendas.
Airstrikes killed and injured more civilians in Afghanistan last year than at any time since the United Nations (UN) began systematically recording casualties there in 2009.
The US is pursuing a conventional aerial campaign against the Taliban with virtually no troops on the ground to provide reliable intelligence to guide it.
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